Late Fertility : its Causal Effects on Health of the Newborn and its Implications in Fertility Decision Process.pdf

Late Fertility : its Causal Effects on Health of the Newborn and its Implications in Fertility Decision Process PDF

Marie Vandresse

This doctoral thesis is devoted to the study of the effects of late fertility on health of the newborn and to the implications of late fertility in the fertility decision process. Late fertility is defined as the reproduction process after 30 years old. The interest lies as well from the maternal age point of view as from the paternal age point of view. The first part is devoted to the study of the determinants of infant morbidity and mortality with a particular attention to the parental age, without neglecting the other determinants. The originality of this part is located from the methodological point of view. We construct a structural model of infant morbidity/mortality in order to isolate the causal effect of late fertility. By a structural model we mean a model which represents a set of causal relationships represented mathematically by a multi-equation model and graphically by directed acyclic graphs. As a complementary approach, a chapter of the thesis is devoted to an exploratory model highlighting the role of the extreme values rather than average values traditionally of interest in most statistical analyses. Both methods are tested with Hungarian data : individual registration forms of livebirths and infant deaths (1984-1984 and 1994-1998), and the Hungarian casecontrol surveillance of congenital abnormalities (1997-2002). The second part analyses the effect of parental ageing in the fertility decision process. We try to determine whether the detrimental effect of late fertility on health of the child and on fecundity of the couples intervene in the preferences for a child. We assume that parental age influences the preferences for a child through effects on the desire for a child and on the beliefs in the capacity of reproduction of a healthy child. This hypothesis is tested using the data from the National Survey of Family Growth (United States, 2002) and from the Fertility and Family Survey (Hungary, Czech Republic and Belgium).

The use of female age at marriage as a proxy for autonomy and its impact on fertility, prima facie, may appear problematic. Certainly, the age at which women marry is negatively associated with fertility to some extent because the later a woman marries, the less "exposed" she is to the possibility of getting preg- nant (Mason, 1984, p. 45). How do we know, then, whether it is this proximate Manganese: Health benefits and side effects

5.55 MB Taille du fichier
9782874631245 ISBN
Late Fertility : its Causal Effects on Health of the Newborn and its Implications in Fertility Decision Process.pdf


PC et Mac

Lisez l'eBook immédiatement après l'avoir téléchargé via "Lire maintenant" dans votre navigateur ou avec le logiciel de lecture gratuit Adobe Digital Editions.

iOS & Android

Pour tablettes et smartphones: notre application de lecture tolino gratuite

eBook Reader

Téléchargez l'eBook directement sur le lecteur dans la boutique ou transférez-le avec le logiciel gratuit Sony READER FOR PC / Mac ou Adobe Digital Editions.


Après la synchronisation automatique, ouvrez le livre électronique sur le lecteur ou transférez-le manuellement sur votre appareil tolino à l'aide du logiciel gratuit Adobe Digital Editions.

Notes actuelles

Sofya Voigtuh

Babies born late more likely to have behavioural …

Mattio Müllers

an exogenous decline in mortality that generated a decline in fertility and an ... causes the demographic transition and what have been its consequences for ... population health leading to social and economic benefits but this quality ... may work through intermediate factors, making causality even more difficult to determine.

Noels Schulzen

This paper examines the relationship between fertility and human capital investment and its implications for economic growth, focusing on the effects of declining mortality. Unlike the existing Sleep, Sleep Disturbance and Fertility in Women

Jason Leghmann

children’s health (Bhalotra & Rawlings, 2011; Field et al., 2009), and they encourage fertility reductions that spur economic development in high-fertility countries. Third, a crucial difference exists between the economic effects of health interventions in less Relationships between infant mortality, birth …

Jessica Kolhmann

Female education and its impact on fertility